Marto Swords from Toledo in Spain – sword manufacturer producing a totally awesome display swords, armor, costumes and medieval gifts.
Roman legions-Roman military equipment. List of legionary weapons, armor and clothing. Roman legionary dictionary and terms.
The first Roman soldiers were similar to Greek warriors with a similar equipment. Roman legions adopted various new weapons and armor in later times and this equipment became a standard of Republican and Imperial Roman army.
List of Roman military equipment
Roman Legionary Weapons
Gladius-Roman short sword. Legendary gladius had a many variants (Hispaniensis, Mainz, Pompeii) but it was usually used for stabbing.
Spatha-Roman long sword mostly used by cavalry from 2nd century AD, later adopted by infantry and it substituted the popular gladius. This sword was adopted by Germanic tribes (later vikings) and it developed into classical one handed medieval sword.
Pugio-Roman military dagger, sidearm of legionaries.
Pilum-Heavy and long javelin.
Javelin-Short javelin typical for early legions.
Darts-plumbatae were short range throwing wapons carried in 6 pieces and effective up to 30 yeards.
Bow-Sagitarii (Roman archers) were armed by composite bows made of wood, horn and sinew.
Sling-Vegetius, considers the stone shot from a sling to be more dangerous than the arrow and recommends that it be carried by all recruits, given its light weight and the ready supply of stones.
Roman Legionary Armor
Not all troops wore torso armour. Light infantry, especially in the early Republic, wore little or no armour. This was both to allow swifter movement for light troops and also as a matter of cost.
Legionary soldiers of the 1st and 2nd centuries used a variety of armour types. Some wore mail shirts, while others wore scale armour or lorica segmentata or laminated-strip cuirass.
Lorica segmentata-laminar armour (metal strips fashioned into circular bands).
Lorica hamata-mail armour used during the Roman Republic continuing throughout the Roman Empire as a standard-issue armour for the primary heavy infantry legionaries and secondary troops (Auxilia).
Lorica squamata-scale armour used during the Republic and at later periods.
Manica-segmented armour on one or both arms.
Greave-sheet metal protecting the legs, were widely used in the late Republic, and by some troops in the Imperial army.
Scutum-rectangular, semi-cylindrical body shield carried by Roman legionaries.
Parma-predecessor of scutum shield. It was a yard across (or less) and had iron in its frame.
Cetratus-Light Roman shield used by auxiliaries.
Helmets-Roman helmets, galea or cassis, varied greatly in form. One of the earliest types was the Montefortino helmet used by the Republic armies up to the 1st century BC. This was replaced directly by the Coolus helmet, which raised the neck peak to eye level and set a sturdy frontal peak to the brow of the helmet
Roman Legionary Clothing
Focale-scarf worn of neck protection.
Balteus (sword belt) used for hanging the sword and pugio.
Cloak-sagum or paenula with hood.
Caliga-Roman military boots made of leather straps.
Pteruges- skirt of leather or fabric strips that is worn around the waist to protect the upper legs
Equipment of Roman Legionaries
Medieval sword fight with two handed swords, maces and group fight with one handed swords and other weapons.
Sword fight event: Year 1995, Helfstyn castle, CZ, Europe performed by a Moravian group Markus M.
Look at the following video for the real gothic fight with twohanders.
Two handed swords in action
Dancing with Shashka-Cossack Sabre in Action. Shaska dance performed by a beautiful girl.
Shashka, the legendary weapon of Cossacks, is an elegant and lethal sabre that came to Russia and Ukraine from Caucasus.
Shashka is a special kind of sabre, a very sharp, single-edged, single-handed, and guardless sword. In appearance, the shashka was midway between a full sabre and a straight sword. It had a slightly curved blade, and could be effective for both slashing and thrusting. The blade was either hollowed or fullered.
Shashka has no guard, but a large, curved pommel. The sabre hilt is frequently highly decorated. Shashka was carried in a wooden scabbard that enclosed part of the hilt. It was worn with the cutting edge to the rear, opposite to the sabre.
Russian shashka, legendary Russian sabre used by cossacks, by Russian Imperial army and even by Soviet cavalry troops. History of Russian shashka saber. Shashka-ultimate sabre from Eastern Europe.
Russian Shashka is a special sabre, razor sharp, single-edged, single-handed, and guardless sword worn by Cossacks and Imperial army of Russia. In appearance, the shashka was midway between a full sabre and a straight sword. It had a slightly curved blade, and could be effective for both slashing and thrusting. The blade was either hollowed or fullered. There was no guard, but a large, curved pommel. The hilt was frequently highly decorated. It was carried in a wooden scabbard that enclosed part of the hilt. It was worn with the cutting edge to the rear, opposite to the sabre.
Russian cossacks armed by shashka (Kuban cossack regiment, end of 19th century)
History of Russian shashka
The shashka originated among the mountain tribes of the Caucasus in the 12th or 13th century. Later it was used by most of the Russian and Ukrainian Cossacks. So there are two styles of shashka: the Caucasian shashka and the Cossack shashka.
It was a typically Adyghean (Circassian) form of sabre, longer than the Cossack type, in fact the word shashka came from the Adyghe word Adyghe: “Shashkwa” means “long knife”. It gradually replaced the sabre in all cavalry units except hussars during the 19th century. Russian troops, having encountered it during their conquest of the Caucasus, preferred it to their issue sabres. It was adopted first by the Russian Caucasian Corps in the 1830s. In 1882, when the cavalry was reorganized, the regular dragoons were armed with the shashka. Cossacks had received this type of sword earlier. Several forms of shashka were carried by Soviet cavalry into the Second World War.
Russian Shashka features:
Missing guard-shashka is hidden in scabbard.
Shaska has a very sharp, double or triple fullered blade.
The blade of Shaska is wider than blade of a common European sabre.
Shashkas were often decorated by silver, gold or a precious gems.
Help me to identify this sword. I own a pawn shop and received a sword than maybe of some value. Can you determine sword’s real value?
Thank you, Dena.
Swords of Alexander the Great and Darius. Authentic Alexander movie replicas by Marto Toledo in Spain on Getasword.com. Greek and Persian weapons.
New category: Swords of Alexander added to our store.
All swords and daggers are officially licensed movie replicas. You can buy the swords and daggers of Alexander the Great and his opponent, Persian king Darius.
Alexander swords available:
Alexander the Great Sword
Alexander the Great Leonatus Sword
Alexander The Great-Persian Sword of Darius
Alexander The Great-Persian Dagger of Darius
Alexander the Great Round Shield
Miniature swords of Alexander the Great and Darius of Persia
Alexander the Great was the legendary Greek (Macedonian) conqueror and ruler of the greatest Empire in human history.
Darius (Darius III.) was a Persian king defeated by Alexander and murdered by a Persian noble.
Celtic swords for sale. New sword cattegory added. Celtic swords available for sale. Celtic warriors in history.
For hundreds of years the Celtic warrior represented the quintessential barbarian warrior to the settled peoples of the Mediterranean. To the Romans, Greeks and other “civilized” people the Celts where a reoccurring nightmare that unpredictably erupted from darker Europe. It was a well earned reputation, and they repeatedly gave the Mediterranean world reason to fear them.
Celtic warriors stood a head taller than their Mediterranean opponents and are described as having muscular physics.
With the spread of the La Tene culture at the 5th century BC, iron swords had completely replaced bronze all over Europe. These swords eventually evolved into, among others, the Roman gladius and spatha, and the Greek xiphos and the Germanic sword of the Roman Iron Age, which evolves into the Viking sword in the 8th century.
There are two kinds of Celtic sword. The most common is the “long” sword, which usually has a stylised anthropomorphic hilt made from organic material, such as wood, bone, or horn. These swords also usually had an iron plate in front of the guard that was shaped to match the scabbard mouth. The second type is a “short” sword with either an abstract or a true anthropomorphic hilt of copper alloy.
Scabbards were generally made from two plates of iron, and suspended from a belt made of iron links. Some scabbards had front plates of bronze rather than iron. This was more common on Insular examples than elsewhere; only a very few Continental examples are known.
The last of Napoleon’s swords in private hands, sold in auction for $6.4m.
Auction: Fonteinebleau, France, 2007.
History of the Napoleon sword
The inspiration for the sword’s design is said to have come during Napoleon’s Egyptian campaign. He noticed that the swords used by the Arabs, which were also curved, were very effective in cutting off the heads of their French enemies.
After the battle in Italy, Napoleon gave the sword to his brother as a wedding gift and it was then passed down the family through the generations.
The sword was declared a national treasure in 1978 and, while it may be sold to a foreign buyer, they must have a French address and keep it in France for six months a year.
The sword, which belonged to eight of the emperor’s descendants, was believed to be the last of Napoleon’s blades in private hands.
Traditional Chinese Swords video. Swords from Han, Tang and Ming dynasties. Basic types of Chinese swords.
Basic Chinese Sword types
The Jian 剑 (sword) is always straight and double-edged, many names can be added infront of “Jian” to distinguish its type, such as the one in the video, the “Han Jian.”（汉剑）
The Dao 刀(sabre, blade, etc.) is always single edged, curved or not curved. As with the Jian, prefixes can be added to the Dao to determine its type, such as one in this video, the “Tang Dao”（唐刀） *special note* The popular Japanese sword can trace its roots back to the Tang Dao, the forging techniques and style of the Tang Dao was learned by Japanese smiths during the Tang Dynasty (A.D. 618-907) when there was a friendly relationship between China and Japan. The early Tachi was essentially a curved Tang Dao.
Chinese Swords video