Hussite guns and ranged weapons. Hussite army was the first medieval European army with massive use of gunpowder. Some names of Hussite guns were adopted by other languages and we use them till today.
Hussites were anti catholic rebels in Czech kingdom. Hussite wars lasted from 1419-1434. Special tactics, skilled leaders and new technologies made Hussite armies totally invincible.
List of Hussite guns and other ranged weapons
Pistala (pistala means pipe in English)
French word pistole (hand gun) was adopted form Czech pistala.
Pistala was predecessor of a later rifle. Hussites used them mostly as a psychological weapons to frighten horses of enemy knights. Special ammo caused a very uncomfotable sounds.
Shooting range: small
Hakovnice ( Hook gun)
This handgun was more powerful and effective than lighter pistala. Hook was included for recoil compensation. Hakovnice without hook was able to thow 3 men to ground.
Shooting range: 100m.
Tarasnice was a light cannon with a long barrel and an aiming system. It was loaded by a round stone and metal and also by a spiked balls.
Shooting range: 250-300m.
Caliber: 50-100 mms.
The word howitzer was adopted from Czech houfnice word. “Houf” means crowd or a group of soldiers. Purpose of this Hussite canon was hitting of large groups of enemies.
A howitzer is a type of artillery piece characterized by a relatively short barrel (barrel length 15 to 25 times the caliber of the gun) and the use of comparatively small propellant charges to propel projectiles at relatively high trajectories, with a steep angle of descent.
Houfnice was usually chained up between hussite wagons. Chaining prevented breaking the wagon fort.
Shooting range: up to 250m
Heavy cannon used for castle sieges.
Shooting range: up to 500m
Caliber: up to 850mms.
Shooting with Hussite pistala and hakovnice
Shooting with Hussite tarasnice and houfnice
Other Hussite ranged weapons
Crossbow: the most common Hussite ranged weapon.
Crosbowmen were part of each hussite wagon. They were also placed under wagons together with shooters with pistal.
Classical medieval machines used for siege.
Hussite kids used slings to frighten horses of enemies.