Medieval Mace is one of the very earliest of weapons from the Middle Ages. It dates back as early as the war hammer or possibly even earlier. It was something that could be constructed reasonably easy without too much weapon building skill.
History of mace:
Maces were used by a different cultures from prehistoric times.
Sample locations and times:
Prehistoric times, precolumbian America, Africa, ancient Egypt, medieval Europe. Latest mass use of maces was during ww1.
The earliest maces had heavy objects attached to the end rather than metal blades or spikes. The overwhelming usefulness of the mace was its ability to generate enormous swinging force that could bring a tremendous blow to an opponent. This is why it had a heavy end. It generated more force than a sword. As weapons, armor, and metal working skills developed over the centuries the mace also developed many ingenious ways to cope by the use of spikes or blades that could pierce or even slice through armor. It was also very economical to make.
Common opinion is mace was a peasant weapon. This is not true, mace was widely used also by knights because its capability to penetrate any armor and cause a serious wounds even without armor penetrating.
Types of mace:
One handed mace, two handed mace, flanged mace, spiked mace. Flail is often classified as a type of mace what is not too correct.
Pictures of maces
Medieval Mace Video