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Hussite guns and ranged weapons. Hussite army was the first medieval European army with massive use of gunpowder. Some names of Hussite guns were adopted by other languages and we use them till today.

Hussite wagons

Hussite wagons

Hussites were anti catholic rebels in Czech kingdom. Hussite wars lasted from 1419-1434. Special tactics, skilled leaders and new technologies made Hussite armies totally invincible.

Hussite guns

Hussite guns - Pistala, houfnice and tarasnice

List of Hussite guns and other ranged weapons

Pistala (pistala means pipe in English)
French word pistole (hand gun) was adopted form Czech pistala.
Pistala was predecessor of a later rifle. Hussites used them mostly as a psychological weapons to frighten horses of enemy knights. Special ammo caused a very uncomfotable sounds.
Shooting range: small
Caliber: 15-20mms.

Hussite Pistala

Hussite weapons - Pistala

Hakovnice ( Hook gun)
This handgun was more powerful and effective than lighter pistala. Hook was included for recoil compensation. Hakovnice without hook was able to thow 3 men to ground.
Shooting range: 100m.
Caliber: 15-30mms.

Hussite weapons - Hakovnice

Hussite weapons - Hakovnice

Tarasnice
Tarasnice was a light cannon with a long barrel and an aiming system. It was loaded by a round stone and metal and also by a spiked balls.
Shooting range: 250-300m.
Caliber: 50-100 mms.

Hussite weapons - Tarasnice

Hussite weapons - Tarasnice

Houfnice (Howitzer)
The word howitzer was adopted from Czech houfnice word. “Houf” means crowd or a group of soldiers. Purpose of this Hussite canon was hitting of large groups of enemies.
A howitzer is a type of artillery piece characterized by a relatively short barrel (barrel length 15 to 25 times the caliber of the gun) and the use of comparatively small propellant charges to propel projectiles at relatively high trajectories, with a steep angle of descent.
Houfnice was usually chained up between hussite wagons. Chaining prevented breaking the wagon fort.
Shooting range: up to 250m

Hussite howitzer - houfnice

Hussite howitzer - houfnice

Bombarda
Heavy cannon used for castle sieges.
Shooting range: up to 500m
Caliber: up to 850mms.

Hussite bombarda

Hussite bombarda

 

Hussite ammo

Hussite ammo

Hussite ammo

 

Shooting with Hussite pistala and hakovnice

 

Shooting with Hussite tarasnice and houfnice

 

Other Hussite ranged weapons

Crossbow: the most common Hussite ranged weapon.
Crosbowmen were part of each hussite wagon. They were also placed under wagons together with shooters with pistal.

Hussite crossboman

Hussite crossboman

 

Trebuchets
Classical medieval machines used for siege.

Slings
Hussite kids used slings to frighten horses of enemies.

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