List of Slavic Gods and Goddesses, Slavic mythology and legends. Slavic mythological creatures and spirits.
Area of Slavic Nations and Slavic languages
The Gods possess certain superhuman physical attributes. They are true immortals who cease to age upon reaching adulthood, and they cannot die by conventional means. The Dievas are immune to all terrestrial diseases and are resistant to conventional injury. If a Dieva is wounded, his or her godly life force will enable him or her to recover at a superhuman rate. It would take an injury of such magnitude that it incinerates a Dieva or disperses a major portion of his or her bodily molecules to cause him or her to die. Even then, it may be possible for a god of greater or equal power, or several gods acting together, to revive the deceased Dieva before the god’s life essence is beyond resurrection. Dieva flesh and bone are about three times denser than similar human tissue, contributing to the gods’ superhuman strength and weight. An average male god can lift about 40 tons; an average goddess can lift about 35 tons. The gods’ metabolism gives them superhuman endurance in all physical activities. Many Dievas also possess additional superhuman powers that may be magical in nature. For instance, the thunder god Perun can summon the elements of the storm (lightning, rain, wind, etc.) and channel vast amounts of bioelectric energy through his weaponry.
Gods have been worshipped by the Slavic people inhabiting Eastern Europe, Central Europe including Eastern Germany around Elbe river, and the Balkans from as early as 700 BC until approximately the 10th century AD. Most of the Dievas dwell in Svarga, a “pocket” dimension adjacent to Earth; an interdimensional nexus between Svarga and Earth exists somewhere in the proximity of the Zbruch River (in the modern-day nation of Ukraine). Very little is known about Svarga other than it appears to be built on a small planetary object. The Dievas (Gods) are called different names by their human worshippers; for example, the underworld god Veles was known as “Weles” in Polish.
The Dievas’ precise origin, like that of all Earth’s pantheons, is shrouded in legend. According to Slavic folklore, the primordial god Rod emerged on Earth following the Demogorge’s purging of the demonic Elder Gods, and set out to bring order to the chaotic world by establishing the universal laws known as Prav. He eventually crossed paths with the primordial Earth Mother Gaea (known as “Erce” to the Dievas) and accompanied her back to his native realm of Svarga, where she gave birth to Praamzius, the god of time. After siring a host of other offspring, Rod was succeeded as pantheon leader by Praamzius, who was in turn succeeded by his son Svarog, the god of the sun & sky.
Svarog granted portions of his power to each of his children. However, Perun, the rugged and boisterous thunder god, usurped the largest share of power in an attempt to gain his father’s favor. He was eventually challenged by Veles, the therianthropic death god, who kidnapped Perun’s wife Saule, the sun goddess. Perun chased Veles into his underworld realm of Virey; although Veles transformed into a dragon and attacked his pursuer, he was ultimately defeated by Perun. Following Russian King Vladimir the Great’s conversion to Christianity in approximately 980 AD, Svarog determined that it was in his pantheon’s best interest to return to their native realm of Svarga and cut off most ties with the Earth realm.
7 Major Slavic Gods
Perun-head of Slavic gods. God of war, lightning and thunder. He is associated with oak and eagle. Axe or a hammer were his favourite weapons together with arrows and lightning bolt. His lighting bolts were believed to pass through the earth to a certain depth and return gradually to the surface. Perun is similar to norse Thor.
Perun is god who battles with Veles, his under worldly enemy through storms and thunder. This was extremely significant, and from Perun and Veles, this idea of cosmic battle was passed onto God and the Devil following Christianization.
Hors-slavic god of solar disk.
Dazbog-major Slavic god, worshipped by all Slavic nations. He was probably a hero. Some Slavic legends mention his wolven origin. He was portrayed as enemy of Christians in medieval times.
Stribog-god and spirit of the winds, sky and air. God of eight directions.
Simargl-Slavic god portrayed like a griffin.
Mokosh-Goddess of females, shearing, spinning and weaving.
Veles-major Slavic god of earth, waters and the underworld, associated with dragons, cattle, magic, musicians, wealth and trickery. He is the opponent of the Supreme thunder-god Perun, and the battle between two of them constitutes one of the most important myths of Slavic mythology.
Other Slavic gods
Belobog (White god)-Slavic god of light and Sun, the counterpart of dark and cursed Czernobog (Black God).
Berstuk-evil god of woods in Wendish mythology.
Boruta-god or a demon portrayed as an imposing figure, with horns over the head, surrounded by packs of wolves and bears. He was god of woods and hunting. Boruta was maybe a local version of Borevit. Boruta means pine tree.
Cernobog (Black god)-dark and evil god, counterpart of Belobog (White God).
Ipabog-famous hero, hunter and god. Portrayed with round horned helmet.
Jarilo-slavic god of fertility, vegetations. God associated with harvest.
Juthrbog-god of the moon.
Karewit-God, protector of the ancient town of Charenza on Rugia.Portrayed with two faces or with 6 heads.
Kresnik-Slavic deity also known as Svarožič, son of the Slavic sun god Svarog, described as having golden hair and golden hands. From being a divinity, Kresnik evolved into a Slovenian national hero who lives on a golden mountain, sometimes as a deer with golden antlers.
Lada-goddess of love, harmony, youth and beauty. Lada was probably invented in 19th century and she nerver really existed in Slavic pantheon. Lada is also famous brand of a Russian car.
Laima-Goddess of luck and fate.
Marowit-god of nightmares.
Milda-Goddess of love.
Morana (Marzena, Kostroma, Mora)-Slavic goddess of death and winter. She was a beautiful woman. Cult of Morana survived in a local festivals of western Slavs till today.
Podaga-god of weather, fishing, hunting and farming.
Porvata-god of the woods, without idol or image; and is manifest throughout the primeval forest. His sacred day is Tuesday and is connected with midsummer.
Radegast-local, western Slavic god of fertility, sun and harvest. Radegast is brand of Czech beer these days.
Rod was the creator of all life and existence. Rod stayed out of common Slavic pantheon. He was probably a spirit or a demon. Rod is also presented as a father of slavic gods.
Rugiewit one of protectors of the isle of Rügen.
Saule-goddess of sun, wife of Perun.
Siebog-god of love and marriage.
Sorrowful God-god of wisdom, elders and peace.
Sudz-god of destiny, glory wealth and luck.
Svarog-blacksmith god (Hephaestus alternative). celestial fire and of blacksmithing. Father of Dazbog.
Svantevit (Svetovid, Suvid)-deity of war, fertility and abundance. Main temple of Svantevit was located in Arkona on Rugia Island in the Baltic Sea. Temple of Svantovit was destroyed by Absalon (Danish Achbishop) in 1169.
Tawals is a blessing-bringing god of the meadows and fields.
Triglav (Three headed) is a unity of three gods. The exact members of the triad vary by place and time. An early variation included Svarog, Perun, and Dajbog or Svantevit later.
Ziva, Živa, also Šiva, Siva, Siwa, Żiwia, Sieba or Razivia, was the Slavic goddess of love and fertility. She was worshipped throughout what is now Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Germany (and especially the Elbe (Labe) river valley), before Christianity expanded into the area. Her name means “living, being, existing.” Sieba’s consort was Siebog, her male equivalent.
Peklenc was god of underground and a divine judge. Peklenc mastered the subterranean fire by which metals and precious stones were forged. He also reigned over the underground water which, according the to ancient Slavic traditions, caused earthquakes when Peklenc ordered it to reach the surface.
Peklenc had a wholesale knowledge about the deeds of wicked, who were carried next to him to be judged and punished. He was a severe though equal judge, as he provided everybody with the possibility to redeem their past mistakes. The ones who persisted were condemned to death or condemned to punishments depending by their crimes. The cruel were turned into stones, the quarrelsome became werewolves, while the ones who had no compassion towards the others were turned into creatures feeding on their very bodies.
Peklenc was also capable to punish entire peoples by opening deep ravines that swallowed villages and cities, a pond or a lake was left in their place. The inhabitants paid for their punishment by wondering underwater, their desperate scream being transmitted by Oźwiena, the goddess of echo. Peklenc also sent evil spirits against unjust governors, in order to have them abandon their reigns. The latter ruined and, covered back by grass, returned to nature. He could also use basilisks as emissaries or servants.
Word “peklo” means in numerous slavic langues “hell”.
Mythological Slavic creatures
Slavic mythology was very rich and they knew numerous beasts and cretures. Some of them are known in other legends like fairies, vampires, werewolves.
Kikimora-Female house spirit. Kikimora usually lives behind the stove or in the cellar of the house she haunts.
Rusalka-Evil nymph who was originally a young woman who died violently or by suicide. She lived in water and killed accidental travelers.
Baba Yaga-Evil witch of great power who lives in a chicken-legged hut in a marsh surrounded by a picket fence topped with human skulls.
Simargl-flying dragon like monster, sometimes with dog’s head.
Seryi Volk (Grey Wolf) was a shape-shifter with great wisdom.
Alkonost, Gamayun, Sirin-Three Russian prophetic birds