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List of Roman Emperors. The Rulers of the Roman Empire. Roman emperor timeline.

List of Roman Emperors - Caesar murdered

List of Roman Emperors - Caesar murdered

Roman Emperors:

The Principate

* Augustus (27 BC – AD 14)
* Tiberius (14 – 37)
* Gaius Caligula (37 – 41)
* Claudius (41 – 54)
* Nero (54 – 68)
* Galba (68 – 69)
* Otho (69)
* Vitellius (69)

Flavian Dynasty

* Vespasian (69 – 79)
* Titus Flavius (79 – 81)
* Domitian (81 – 96)

Nervan-Antonian Dynasty

* Nerva (96 – 98)
* Trajan (98 – 117)
* Hadrian (117 – 138)
* Antoninus Pius (138 – 161)
* Marcus Aurelius (161 – 180) (co-emperor Lucius Verus 161 – 169; throne claimed by Avidius Cassius 175)
* Commodus (180 – 193)

Severan Dynasty

* Pertinax (193) (recognized as emperor by Septimius Severus)
* Septimius Severus (193 – 211) (throne was also claimed by Didius Julianus 193, Pescennius Niger 193 – 194, and Clodius Albinus 193 – 197)
* Caracalla (211 – 217)
* Macrinus (217 – 218)
* Heliogabalus (218 – 222) (throne claimed by Verus 219, and Uranius c.221)
* Alexander Severus (222 – 235) (throne claimed by Taurinus)

Rulers during the Crisis of the Third Century

* Maximinus Thrax (235 – 238) (throne claimed by Quartinus 235)
* Gordian I and Gordian II (238)
* Pupienus and Balbinus (238)
* Gordian III (238 – 244) (throne claimed by Sabinianus 240)
* Philip the Arab (244 – 249) (throne claimed by Pacantius 248, Iotapianus 248, and Silbannacus)
* Decius (249 – 251) (throne claimed by Priscus 249 – 252, and Licinianus 250)
* Herennius Etruscus (251)
* Hostilian (251)
* Trebonianus Gallus (251 – 253)
* Aemilianus (253)
* Valerian I (253 – 260)
* Gallienus (260 – 268) (throne claimed by Ingenuus 260; Regalianus 260; Macrianus Major, Macrianus Minor and Quietus 260 – 261; Memor 261; Mussius Aemilianus 261 – 262; and Aureolus 265)
* Claudius II Gothicus (268 – 270)
* Quintillus (270)
* Aurelian (270 – 275) (throne claimed by Domitianus 270 – 271, Felicissimus 271, and Septimius 271)
* Tacitus (275 – 276)
* Florianus (276)
* Probus (276-282) (throne claimed by Saturninus 280, Proculus 280, and Bonosus 280)
* Carus (282-283)
* Carinus (283-285) (co-emperor Numerian; throne claimed by M. Aurelius Julianus 283)

Tetrarchy

* Diocletian (284 – 305) (co-emperor Maximian 286 – 305)
* Constantius Chlorus (305-306) (co-emperor Galerius 305 – 311)
* Constantine I, the Great (306 – 337) (co-emperors Galerius, Licinius 308 – 324, and Maximinus Daia 308 – 313; throne claimed by Maxentius 306 – 312, and Domitius Alexander 308 – 309)

House of Constantine

* Constantius II (337 – 361) (together with Constantine II 337 – 340, and Constans 337 – 350; throne claimed by Magnentius 350 – 353)
* Julian (361 – 363). Also known as ‘the Apostate’
* Jovian (363 – 364)

Valentinian Dynasty

* Valentinian I (364 – 375) (co-emperor Valens 364 – 378; throne claimed by Procopius 364 – 365)
* Gratianus (375 – 383) (co-emperor Valentinian II, 375-392; throne claimed by Magnus Maximus, 383 – 388)

House of Theodosius

* Theodosius I (379 – 395) (throne claimed by Eugenius 392 – 394)

Western Empire – Roman Empire divided in 395

* Honorius (395 – 423) (co-emperor Constantius III 421; throne claimed by Priscus Attalus 409 – 410 and again in 414 – 415, Constantine III 409 – 411, and Jovinus, 411 – 412)
* Valentinian III (423 – 455) (throne also claimed by Joannes 423 – 425)
* Petronius Maximus (455)
* Avitus (456 – 457)
* Majorian (457 – 461)
* Libius Severus (461) – 465)
* Anthemius (467 – 472)
* Olybrius (472)
* Glycerius (473 – 474)
* Julius Nepos – (474-475 and 480)
* Romulus Augustus (a.k.a. Romulus Augustulus) ‘last’ western emperor (475 – 476)

Eastern Empire

* Arcadius (395 – 408)
* Theodosius II (408 – 450)
* Marcian (450 – 457)
* Leo I (457 – 474)
* Leo II (474)
* Zeno (474 – 491)
* Basiliscus (475 – 476)
* Zeno (restored) (476 – 491)

Roman Swords

Roman Swords

Roman Swords

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